Help! (film)

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Help!
Helponesheet.jpg
Directed by Richard Lester
Produced by Walter Shenson
Written by Charles Wood
Marc Behm
Story by Marc Behm
Starring John Lennon
Paul McCartney
George Harrison
Ringo Starr
Leo McKern
Eleanor Bron
John Bluthal
Patrick Cargill
Victor Spinetti
Roy Kinnear
Mal Evans
Music by The Beatles
George Martin
Ken Thorne
Cinematography David Watkin
Editing by John Victor Smith
Studio Walter Shenson Films
Subafilms
Distributed by United Artists
Release dates
  • 29 July 1965 (1965-07-29)
Running time 96 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Budget $1.5 million[1]
Box office $12,066,667[2]

Help! is a 1965 film directed by Richard Lester, starring the Beatles–John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr—and featuring Leo McKern, Eleanor Bron, Victor Spinetti, John Bluthal, Roy Kinnear and Patrick Cargill. Help! was the second feature film made by the Beatles and is a comedy adventure which sees the group come up against an evil cult.[3] The soundtrack was released as an album, also called Help!.

Synopsis[edit]

Part One[edit]

An eastern cult (a parody of the Thuggee cult) is about to sacrifice a woman to the goddess Kaili. Just as she is about to be killed, the high priestess of the cult, Ahme, notices that she is not wearing the sacrificial ring. Ringo Starr, drummer of the Beatles, has and is wearing it; it was secretly sent to him by Ahme, to protect the victim, her sister. Determined to retrieve the ring and sacrifice the woman, the great Swami Clang, Ahme, and several cult members including Bhuta, leave for London. After several failed attempts to steal the ring, they confront the Beatles in an Indian restaurant. Ringo learns that if he does not return the ring soon, he will become the next sacrifice. Ringo then discovers that the ring is stuck on his finger.

Next, the Beatles seek a jeweller to remove the ring, but the tools he uses all break. In a desperate effort to remove the ring, the band resorts to the bumbling efforts of a mad scientist, Foot and his assistant Algernon. Foot's laboratory is full of surplus British-made equipment, which Foot despises. The scientists attempt to remove the ring by using a machine designed to expand the molecules of the ring to make it bigger and fall off. It succeeds in removing every other ring from Ringo's fingers (and after several more seconds of operation also causes Ringo's pants to fall), but the sacrificial ring is unaffected. Astonished that his equipment has no effect on the ring, Foot decides that he, too, must have it. He tells Algernon they will try using a laser but before he can do anything else, Ahme comes in with a pink Walther P-38 pistol, rescues the group and they return home.

Ahme, now revealed as being on the group's side, tells the group that her sister's time has passed and she is now out of danger. Ringo is now the sacrificial victim. Ahme proposes to inject Ringo with a potion that is derived from the essence of certain orchids and would shrink his finger so the ring would come off. She tells Ringo to be brave and suggests, to the camera, that if he had been brave; "this would not be necessary".

Intermission[edit]

The boys are seen in a field. George throws flower petals at the camera while Paul watches Ringo being bobbed up and down (like a yo-yo) by John. The sequence is filmed in fast-foward motion.

Part Two[edit]

Ahme's sister, the would-be sacrificial lamb, is having the red paint washed off by her mother, who scolds her for staying out "at all hours and in all colours".

Part Three: Later That Evening[edit]

Ringo lies nervously on Paul's bed, waiting for the injection. But before Ahme can proceed, the gang starts to pound on the doors. Startled, Ahme drops the needle into Paul's leg and he shrinks instead. Cutting from "The Exciting Adventure of Paul on The Floor", the thugs break into the room and a fight ensues. Ahme flees. Ringo is doused with red paint (he has to be painted red in order for him to be sacrificed), thus ruining his best suit and causing him to cry and a swordsman approaches. Foot comes in, shoots a warning shot with his Webley and scares the man away. The gang retreats and Foot makes his attempt to take the ring. Paul unshrinks and John subsequently starts to swing a lamp at Foot who tries to shoot him, but his gun misfires. Blaming this on the fact that the gun is British made, Foot retreats. The boys are left to sort things out.

The band flees to the Austrian Alps for refuge but both thugs and Foot follow in pursuit. As the Beatles participate in a game of curling, Foot and Algernon booby trap one of the curling stones with a bomb. George sees the "fiendish thingy" and tells everyone to run. The bomb eventually goes off after a delay, creating a big hole in the ice in which a swimmer (Mal Evans) emerges and asks directions to the White Cliffs of Dover. Next, Clang skis down a slope that Ahme told him was the way to get to further pursue the Beatles, but turns out to be the take-off ramp for a Ski jumping contest. Clang is the winner, and inadvertently gets held up by receiving a gold medal. The group escapes back to England and they ask for "protection" from Scotland Yard; and get it in the form of a cowardly Inspector (Cargill). After being attacked while recording in the middle of Salisbury Plain surrounded by the British Army, they hide in "A Well Known Palace" (Buckingham Palace) until they are almost captured by Foot.

While on a walk with the police, the group step into a small pub, where Clang appears to be working. After being served beer, Ringo cannot pick his glass up from the table, so George tips it over, unknowingly opening a trapdoor to the cellar that Clang set up. Inside the cellar is a broken ladder and a tiger. They go summon the Inspector, who tells them to sing the "Ode to Joy" from Beethoven's 9th Symphony to the tiger in order to tame it, while everyone outside the pub hears the melody, and joins in.

Disguised, the Beatles take a plane to the Bahamas, followed by Scotland Yard officers, Foot and Clang. After Ringo is nearly captured, the other Beatles pose as him in order to lure the cult members, who are then arrested by the Bahamas Police. Despite their best efforts, Ringo is captured by Foot, who takes him on to a ship intending to cut off his finger to get the ring.

Ahme rescues Ringo by giving Foot the same orchid essence shrinking solution in exchange. The two try to escape the ship by jumping into the water; however, Ringo cannot swim. They are captured by the cult and tied down on the beach where they are surrounded by two battalions of Kukhri Rifles. Clang begins the ceremony to sacrifice Ringo, with cult members prepared to attack the rest of the Beatles and police when they come to the rescue and that if Ringo attempts to warn them he will die instantly.

Ringo manages to untie himself and tries to wave to his band mates to warn them away. With this act of courage, the ring falls from his finger. He puts the ring on Clang's hand, and Ahme declares that Clang will be the next sacrifice. The movie ends with "Help!" playing one last time and everyone running around. Clang manages to remove the ring and gives it to Foot and Algernon. They, however, leave the ring in the sand while the police rush about arresting the cult while The Beatles playfully run around; the ring ends up on Bhuta's finger and he becomes the target for sacrifice; meanwhile, Mal Evans swims toward the beach and once again, asks for directions to the White Cliffs of Dover. The movie ends with a dedication to "Elias Howe, who, in 1846, invented the sewing machine".

The credits feature the characters acting up in front of the camera, with the jewel of the ring being placed in front of the lens. The music playing during the credits is the Overture of The Barber of Seville by Gioachino Rossini, with The Beatles adding their own laughing and comments.

Inspiration[edit]

The Beatles said the film was inspired by the Marx Brothers classic Duck Soup;[4] it was also directly satirical of the James Bond series of films.[5] At the time of the original release of Help!, its distributor, United Artists, also held the rights to the Bond series.

The humour of the film is strongly influenced by the abstract humour of the Goon Show, in which the director had personal and direct experience in the conversion of the radio format to television, and personal working experience with Peter Sellers in particular.[6] Beatles recording producer George Martin had also produced records for the Goon Show team. McCartney has always said that the Beatles style of humour was taken from the Goon Show. Many of the film's concepts are derived from Goon Shows, such as the presence of wild animals, music, and abstractions such as the closing statement that concludes the film.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

According to interviews conducted with Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr for The Beatles Anthology, director Richard Lester was given a larger budget for this film than he had for A Hard Day's Night, thanks to the commercial success of the latter. Thus, this feature film was in colour and was shot on several exotic foreign locations. It was also given a fuller musical score than A Hard Day's Night, provided by a full orchestra, and including pieces of well known classical music: Wagner's Lohengrin, Act III Overture, Tchaikovsky's "1812 Overture", Beethoven's "Ninth Symphony" ("Ode to Joy"), and, during the end credits and with their own comic vocal interpretation, Rossini's "Barber of Seville" overture. The original title for the film – only changed to Help! very near to its release – was Eight Arms To Hold You.[7]

Help! was shot in London, Salisbury Plain, the Austrian Alps, New Providence Island and Paradise Island in the Bahamas and Twickenham Film Studios, beginning in the Bahamas on 23 February 1965. Starr commented in The Beatles Anthology that they were in the Bahamas for the hot weather scenes, and therefore had to wear light clothing even though it was rather cold. Tony Bramwell, the assistant to Beatles manager Brian Epstein, stated in his book A Magical Mystery Tour that Epstein chose the Bahamas for tax reasons. According to The Beatles Anthology, during the restaurant sequence filmed in early April, George began to discover Indian-style music, which would be a key element in future songs such as "Norwegian Wood". Filming finished on 14 April at Ailsa Avenue in Twickenham.

The Beatles did not particularly enjoy the filming of the movie, nor were they pleased with the end product. In 1970, John Lennon said they felt like extras in their own movie.

"The movie was out of our control. With A Hard Day's Night, we had a lot of input, and it was semi-realistic. But with Help!, Dick Lester didn't tell us what it was all about.

—John Lennon on filming Help!

Ten years later Lennon was more charitable:[8]

I realize, looking back, how advanced it was. It was a precursor to the Batman "Pow! Wow!" on TV—that kind of stuff. But [Lester] never explained it to us. Partly, maybe, because we hadn't spent a lot of time together between A Hard Day's Night and Help!, and partly because we were smoking marijuana for breakfast during that period. Nobody could communicate with us, it was all glazed eyes and giggling all the time. In our own world. It's like doing nothing most of the time, but still having to rise at 7 am, so we became bored.

A contributing factor was exhaustion attributable to their busy schedule of writing, recording and touring. Afterward they were hesitant to begin another film project, and indeed Help! was their last full-length scripted theatrical film. Their obligation for a third film to United Artists was met by the 1970 documentary film Let It Be. The 1968 animated film Yellow Submarine did not meet contractual obligations because it did not star the Beatles, and their only live appearance was featured for less than two minutes at the film's conclusion.

"Haze of marijuana"[edit]

The Beatles later said the film was shot in a "haze of marijuana". According to Starr's interviews in The Beatles Anthology, during the Austrian Alps film shooting, he and McCartney ran off over the hill from the "curling" scene set to smoke a joint.

"A hell of a lot of pot was being smoked while we were making the film. It was great. That helped make it a lot of fun...In one of the scenes, Victor Spinetti and Roy Kinnear are playing curling: sliding along those big stones. One of the stones has a bomb in it and we find out that it's going to blow up, and have to run away. Well, Paul and I ran about seven miles, we ran and ran, just so we could stop and have a joint before we came back. We could have run all the way to Switzerland. If you look at pictures of us you can see a lot of red-eyed shots; they were red from the dope we were smoking. And these were those clean-cut boys! Dick Lester knew that very little would get done after lunch. In the afternoon we very seldom got past the first line of the script. We had such hysterics that no one could do anything. Dick Lester would say, 'No, boys, could we do it again?' It was just that we had a lot of fun – a lot of fun in those days."

—Ringo Starr

In the Beatles Anthology Director's Cut, Harrison admitted that they were smoking marijuana on the plane ride all the way to the Bahamas.

McCartney also shared some of his memories of when they were filming Help!:

"We showed up a bit stoned, smiled a lot and hoped we'd get through it. We giggled a lot. I remember one time at Cliveden (Lord Astor's place, where the Christine Keeler/Profumo scandal went on); we were filming the Buckingham Palace scene where we were all supposed to have our hands up. It was after lunch, which was fatal because someone might have brought out a glass of wine as well. We were all a bit merry and all had our backs to the camera and the giggles set in. All we had to do was turn around and look amazed, or something. But every time we'd turn round to the camera there were tears streaming down our faces. It's OK to get the giggles anywhere else but in films, because the technicians get pissed off with you. They think, 'They're not very professional.' Then you start thinking, 'This isn't very professional – but we're having a great laugh.'"

—Paul McCartney

"John did once offer me a joint. And I obligingly tried to take a little puff. I knew there was some special way of doing it – but I don't smoke anyway. So I took a little puff and then thought, "This is so expensive. I mustn't waste it!" And gave it back to him. So that's your definition of naïve, I think."

—Eleanor Bron

The photographer Michael Peto was commissioned in 1965 to take still photographs during the making of the film; these became known for their candid and expressive quality. During the digitisation of the Michael Peto Collection, which is held by Archive Services, University of Dundee, in 2002, 500 previously unpublished photographs of the Beatles taken during the making of Help! were reported to have been uncovered.[9][10][11][12] Now These Days are Gone, a limited edition volume of Peto's photographs focusing on the Beatles images was produced in 2006 with deluxe editions of the book signed by Richard Lester. An exhibition of the photographs to mark the book's launch was held at Hoopers Gallery, Clerkenwell, in January 2006.[13][14] Another exhibition of the photographs was held at the University of Dundee in 2007 as part of the University's 40th anniversary celebrations, with the exhibition then moving to the National Conservation Centre, Liverpool.[15][16] In 2011 the photographs were exhibited in Dundee, as part of the Scottish Beatles Weekend, and at the Proud Gallery, Camden.[17][18]

Songs[edit]

The songs played during the film are:

The seven main songs formed the first side of the British release of the Help! album. The second half consisted of other new Beatles songs recorded at the same time or shortly afterwards.

Critical response[edit]

Critical opinion at the time of release was generally positive, but many critics feel that this big budget effort was not as strong as A Hard Day's Night. Leslie Halliwell describes it as an

[e]xhausting attempt to outdo A Hard Day's Night in lunatic frenzy, which goes to show that some talents work best on low budgets. The humour is a frantic cross between Hellzapoppin', The Goons, Goofy, Mr. Magoo and the shade of Monty Python to come. It looks good but becomes too tiresome to entertain.[19]

Allmovie's Ronnie D. Lankford, Jr. describes it as

... a forerunner to music videos. ... Lester seemed to find the right tone for Help!, creating an enjoyable portrait of the Beatles and never allowing the film to take itself too seriously. His style would later be co-opted by Bob Rafaelson [sic] for the Monkees' television series in the '60s and has continued to influence rock musicals like Spice World in 1998.[20]

Novelisation[edit]

A novelisation entitled The Beatles in Help! was written by Al Hine and published by Dell in 1965.

A sequence featuring Frankie Howerd and Wendy Richard was filmed but left out of final editing owing to its length. However, the sequence was left in the film novelisation.

Release history[edit]

Criterion CAV Laserdisc release of Help!

Like A Hard Day's Night, Help! was originally distributed theatrically by United Artists – the company handled distribution from 1965 to the end of 1980. In January 1981, rights to the movie reverted from UA to producer Walter Shenson, and the movie was withdrawn from circulation.

Help! was released several times in different video formats by MPI Home Video and The Criterion Collection. On VHS, a version was released during February 1987 through MPI, along with a reissue of A Hard Day's Night the very same day, and was followed by a special-edition release on 31 October 1995. MPI also issued a CLV laserdisc in 1995 and two releases on DVD, the first as a single DVD release on 12 November 1997 and the second as part of The Beatles DVD Collector's Set on 8 August 2000.

LaserDisc releases include a Criterion CAV laserdisc and a Voyager CLV laserdisc in 1987, each of which had three pressings. The first pressings had no UPC on the gatefold covers while the other two had the UPC either as a sticker or printed directly on the jacket.

The film's transfer on the CAV laserdiscs was done correctly so that no blending of frames occurs and thus movements are not blurry. The supplemental section, which, with few exceptions, has never been available on any other home video release, contains the following:

  • original theatrical trailer (which includes deleted scenes)
  • silent home movie footage of the film set and of the world premiere
  • still photos, some of which are introduced by text describing the production history of the film
  • posters
  • sheet music
  • record jackets
  • radio ads (on audio during the silent footage)
  • an open interview, originally designed for disc jockeys. By reading prompts on the screen, one can pretend to talk to the Beatles.

In June 2007, a version of Help!, sub-titled in Korean, became available on Amazon.com. However, by July 2007, all home video versions of the film were pulled from the market because of rights issues involving Apple Corps – now the full rights holders to the film. The rights issues were eventually resolved and Apple Corps/EMI/Capitol released a new double DVD version with a fully restored film negative and newly remixed in 2.0 stereo and 5.1 surround sound of the film. This came in standard 2xDVD packaging and 2xDVD deluxe edition box set on 30 October 2007 in the UK and 6 November 2007 in America.[21] This latest release contains new featurettes, three trailers (one of which is in Spanish), and the aforementioned radio ads carried over from the Criterion LaserDisc issue. The film was released on Blu-Ray format in June 2013 by Universal Music, current owners of Capitol Records.[22]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[23] Gold 7,500^
Canada (Music Canada)[24] 8× Platinum 80,000^
United States (RIAA)[25] 5× Platinum 500,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Help!, Box Office Information". IMDb. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Help!, Box Office Information". The Numbers. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Help!". Beatles.com. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  4. ^ Norman, Phillip (2011). Shout!: The Beatles in Their Generation. Simon and Schuster. p. 1377. ISBN 0743253787. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  5. ^ Womack, Kenneth; Davis, Todd F (2012). Reading the Beatles: Cultural Studies, Literary Criticism, and the Fab Four. SUNY Press. p. 102. ISBN 0791481964. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  6. ^ Mäkelä, Janne (2004). John Lennon Imagined: Cultural History of a Rock Star. Peter Lang. p. 54. ISBN 082046788X. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  7. ^ Matthews, Brian."Part 7," The Beatles Story (BBC, 1973).
  8. ^ Sheff, David. All We Are Saying. 2000, St Martin's Griffin, ISBN 0-312-25464-4, p. 176
  9. ^ "Rare Beatles pictures discovered". BBC News. 7 October 2002. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "Beatles photographs come to light". The Guardian. 8 October 2002. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  11. ^ "Unseen photos of The Beatles uncovered". University of Dundee. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "Michael Peto Photographic Collection". University of Dundee. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  13. ^ "Help!". Archives, Records and Artefacts at the University of Dundee. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  14. ^ "Michael Peto Photograph Collection Book/Exhibition Launch". University of Dundee. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  15. ^ "The Michael Peto Collection and the University of Dundee". University of Dundee. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  16. ^ "Now These Days Are Gone: The Beatles Photographs of Michael Peto, 18 August 2007 to 2 March 2008", National Conservation Centre, National Museums Liverpool, 31 Jul 2007, accessed 5 Sep 2010
  17. ^ Wilson, Alan (18 July 2011). "Rare chance to see Peto Collection photos during Scottish Beatles Weekend". The Courier. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  18. ^ "The Beatles: Revolutionary 1965 By Michael Peto". Proud Galleries. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  19. ^ Halliwell, Leslie (1997). Halliwell's Film and Video Guide. London: Harper Collins. p. 338. ISBN 0-00-638779-9. 
  20. ^ "Help!". Retrieved 24 November 2008. 
  21. ^ "Stop worrying...Help! is on the way". EMI Group Limited. 4 September 2007. Retrieved 23 May 2009. [dead link]
  22. ^ Brandle, Lars (16 May 2013). "Beatles 'Help!' Comes to Blu-Ray". Billboard. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  23. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2007 DVDs". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  24. ^ "Canadian video certifications – The Beatles – Help". Music Canada. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  25. ^ "American video certifications – Beatles, The – Help!". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 15 September 2013.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Video Longform, then click SEARCH

External links[edit]